Eight Immortals of Chinese Mythology
[Pa Hsien] [Ba Xian]

Name

Description

Li T'ieh-kuai
LI TieGuai
李鐵拐

"Iron-crutch Li", who always carries a crutch and a gourd; he is the emblem of the sick.

Chungli Ch'uan
Zhongli Quan
鐘 離權

Usually shown with a fan; he represents the military man

Lan Ts'ai-ho
LAN CaiHe
藍采和

The strolling singer, either a woman or a young boy, shown with a flower-basket; patron deity of florist.

Chang Kuo-lao
ZHANG GuoLao
張果老

Said to have lived in the 7-th or early 8-th century, shown as a rule with his mule, and carrying a bamboo tube-drum with iron sticks; he is the emblem of old men.

Ho Hsien-ku
HE XianGu
何仙姑

A woman, said to have lived in the late 7-th century, shown with a lotus blossom or flower basket, and occasionally with a peach and sheng reed-organ.

Lu Tung-pin
LU DongBin
呂洞賓

Born c. 755 AD, died 805 AD, shown with a fly-whisker, is dressed as a scholar, and honored as such. He also had a magic sword with which he performed freak feats, for which reason he is also the patron deity of barbers.

Han Hsiang-tzu
HAN XiangZi
韓湘子

Said to be the nephew of the Tang Dynasty statesman and scholar Han Yu, is often shown with a flute, and patron deity of musicians.

Ts'ao Kuo-ch'iu
CAO GuoJiu
曹國舅

Said to have been connected with the Sung Imperial family, and is generally shown with castanets or a jade tablet of admission to court; patron deity of actors.


Convention for names: 
Order: Last name, first name
(1) Transliterated Wade-Giles (pre-1950)
(2) Transliterated Pinyin (post-1950)
(3) Traditional Chinese (Computer Big5 coding)
Ref: A Handbook of Chinese Art, by Margaret Medley, Harper and Row, 1964
Rev. 12-20-2002


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